Rake The slope of the stage from front to back. In Elizabethan theatre the rake of the stage developed so that the back of the stage was higher than the front in order to allow the actors in the back to be seen. From this practice come the terms "upstage" and "downstage". Ultimately this was discontinued in favor of placing upstage actors on higher levels consisting of rostrums or platforms.
Read (1) As in reading or auditioning for a part; (2) as in how a set piece, prop or other item or action on stage will be perceived by the audience.
Realism Movement in the theatre at the end of 19th Century to replace the declamatory style of the "well-made play". While Shakespeare may have had Hamlet instruct the actors to move and speak "naturally" this was probably very different than what we would think of today -- being more advice against the over-emotional acting of farces. Proponents of realism advocated a more realistic depiction of everyday life and movement on stage. Out of this movement grew naturalism as expounded by Constantin Stanislavsky and, ultimately, the Actor's Studio.
Rehearsal Session during which the director works with the cast and crew, preparing a play for production before an audience.
Repertory Also referred to as repertoire. The group or list of plays which a group of actors have prepared for performance.
Repertory Theatre A theatre group which has a number of plays prepared for performance as opposed to one which prepares and runs one play at a time.
Review See, criticism. A critic's analysis of a play, many time at the time of its first performance, is a "review".
Revue From the French word for "survey", a revue consists of several short items -- songs, sketches, dances and monologues. Differs from music-hall and vaudeville performances, in which a succession of different performers appear, revues can consist of the same players presenting several different numbers or prepared pieces. At TCT we have produced a number of musical revues featuring Broadway show-tunes and dance numbers.
Revolving Stage A large circular platform set onto the permanent stage, which can be turned. It has a separate stage on each half, divided by a wall, usually of scenic flats. This permits the actors to play a scene on the half facing the audience, while the the set is changed on the upstage half of the revolving stage.
Rostrum A raised platform of any size from a small dais to the bridge of a ship, that is raised above the primary level of the stage. Useful for adding interest and dimension to the stage setting and for permitting upstage action and actors to be seen by the audience. Rostrums and platforms are often constructed so that they can be collapsed and folded flat for ease in transporting them, especially in touring companies.
Rough Focus See, Focus. This term refers to the first run at focusing lighting instruments. At TCT we reserve a Saturday or weekday night about three weeks out from performance to do a "hang and rough focus", where the lighting instruments are hung from the appropriate places on the various lighting battens and then roughly aimed for subsequent technical rehearsals. We continue to aim and adjust the beam size of the lighting instruments until we achieve the results desired by the director and lighting designer.
Run a Flat To carry a flat.
Run-Through A type of rehearsal in which an act or the entire play is rehearsed without interruption. Usually this is done later in the rehearsal schedule after the director has worked through blocking and characterization with the players.
Russian
Run-Through
See, Italian Run-Through. A rehearsal in which the actors deliver their lines and perform the action at a much higher rate of speed, usually trying to run the rehearsal at "double time". Used to help with the common problem of slow or dragging pacing.