||Movement in the theatre of the late 19th Century which attempted to do away
with artificialty or formalism of traditional theatre of the time. Gained world recognition through the work of
Constantin Stanislavsky and was popularized and succeeded in the U. S. by the founders and members of the Actor's
||The last period of classic Greek Comedy in the late 4th and 3rd Centuries B.C. Its
most famous playwright was Menander. Used stock characters and conventional plots, but these great feeling and sensitivity.
New Comedy had great influence on Roman theatre and, subsequently on comedy during the Reformation.
||Refers to the method of producing sound effects prior to the introduction
of sound recordings into the theatre in the 1950's. Sound effects such as thunder, wind, doors slamming, footsteps,
horses' hooves and the like, were produced by "off-stage" by live means.
||Formal, lyrical drama of Japan with roots tracing back to the 12th Century.
The plays have no scenery and little if any conflict -- drawing upon Buddhist scriptures and mythology of Japan and
China for content, and ritual dance and elaborate costume and makeup for form.
||Refers to the notes delivered by a director to the cast and crew during and
at the end of rehearsals. These notes assist in developing the characters being portrayed and in unifying the