||Refers to a pipe batten with electrical circuits for hanging lighting
instruments. The "first stage electric" would be the first such batten suspended over the stage from the front
of the stage, followed by the second stage electric and so-forth. The first house electric is the first such batten
suspended over the audience from the front of the stage. At the Lyric we refer to the first house electric as the
"main bar" or main batten. The first stage electric is referred to as the "front bar", with the
second and third stage electrics being referred to as the "middle" and "back" bars, or battens.
||Versatile lighting instrument utilizing an ellipsoidal reflector to focus the
light beam. Useful for illuminating downstage to midstage areas from an overhead batten or a balcony batten. Ellipsoidal
spots come in a variety of focal lengths.
||See, Prologue. This is a summary speech, delivered at the end of the play, which
explains or comments upon the action. Neither epilogues or prologues are used much in today's theatre.
||Actors' Associations. Trade unions formed to oversee and regulate the pay
and conditions of those working in the theatre. In the U.S., American Actors' Equity, formed in 1913, deals only with
the legitimate theatre.
||Stage direction. The action of leaving the stage.
||Final line spoken by an actor before leaving the stage.
||Movement that began about 1910 and that has application in painting, music and
literature as well as drama. The term was first used in 1901 by Auguste Herve to works he'd painted in reaction against
impressionism. The heyday of expressionist theatre in America was in the 1920's and 30's and was often a theatre of
political and social protest.